EVARISTO FELICE DALL'ABACO
Verona, 12 luglio 1675
Monaco di Baviera, 12 luglio 1742
Cellist and violinist, he is counted among the epigones of his time as a composer of instrumental music, sonata and concert. He was soon initiated into musical studies in Verona, perhaps under the guidance of the Veronese composer Gasparo Gaspardini, who led the musical chapel of the Cathedral of Verona from December 1685 to 1714. The talent shown on the violin and cello led his father in 1696 to send him to Modena, to continue his studies with Tommaso Antonio Vitali, who was "concert leader" at the court of the dukes Francesco II and then Rinaldo I and was also the teacher of Jean-Baptiste Senaillé. The violinist and composer worked in Modena from 1695 to 1702 of French origin Giovanni Battista D'Ambreville, who was entrusted with the music for the court dances, which were in the French taste. Here therefore, immersed in a musically and culturally open and lively environment, Dall'Abaco had his first contacts with the French style. In Modena, the Veronese musician did not find any stable job, but we know that until the year 1700 he played occasionally at parties, academies, religious functions in the Cathedral and in the court chapel. Subsequently, we lose track of him until 1 April 1704, when he was hired as "cello chamber player" at the court of Maximilian II Emanuel, prince elector of Bavaria, in Munich. The prince's chamber music director in those years was Pietro Torri, a composer originally from the town of Peschiera del Garda, not far from Verona, and it is not excluded that he favored Dall'Abaco's landing in the Bavarian capital; another hypothesis sees an intervention by Scipione Maffei, a brilliant Veronese intellectual, whose family maintained close ties with the elector's house as decisive. The outcome of the War of the Spanish Succession forced the prince into exile until 1715; Dall'Abaco followed him faithfully in his peregrinations in Brussels, Mons, Compiègne, Paris, Versailles and Luxembourg. Returning to Monaco (1715), he was Konzertmeister and later advisor to the prince until 1740. His son Giuseppe Clemente Dall'Abaco was also a famous musician and became director of royal chamber music in Bonn and court advisor.